Arxiu d'etiquetes: Filosofia

Ilurion 22/02/2014: El positivisme i el cercle de Viena

El passat dissabte 22 a Ilurion vam parlar sobre el cercle de Viena i l’irrupció del positivisme.

A continuació, el guió de la meva secció sobre el positivisme jurídic de Hans Kelsen.

Continua la lectura de Ilurion 22/02/2014: El positivisme i el cercle de Viena

Ilurion 16.11.2013 – Nietzsche

Fa 15 dies a Ilurion parlarem sobre la filosofia de Nietzsche.

Nietzsche has estat un dels filosofs que poter més ha estat incomprès, apropiat, tergiversat… per col·lectius de tots els colors polítics.

En els seus pimers anys captarà l’atenció dels anarquistes alemanys i ràpidament s’estendrà la seva influència cap a l’anarquisme francès i nord-americà. Aquesta associació entre Nietzsche i l’anarquisme vindrà sobretot per la confluència d’idees amb Max Stirner, del qual ja vam parlar fa un parell de setmanes en tant que un dels pares de l’anarcoindividualisme. De fet,Emma Goldman, destacada anarquista, el batejà com a anarquista honorari.
Continua la lectura de Ilurion 16.11.2013 – Nietzsche

El comunisme explicat a la manera de Hegel

Communism … is the genuine resolution of the antagonism between man and nature and between man and man; it is the true resolution of the conflict between existence and essence, objectification and self-affirmation, freedom and necessity, individual and species. It is the riddle of history solved and knows itself as this solution.

Karl Marx – manuscrits econòmico-filosòfics, citat a P. Singer – A Very Short Introduction to Hegel

Coneixement i comunitat…

Hegel insists that knowledge is only knowledge if it can be communicated. The necessity of language rules out the idea of an entirely independent consciousness. Consciousness must interact with other consciousnesses if it is to develop into self-consciousness. In the end, mind can only find freedom and self-understanding in a rationally organized community. So minds are not separate atoms, linked together by the accidents of association. Individual minds exist together, or they do not exist at all.

P. Singer – A very short Introduction to Hegel

La Twitterversitat: breu curs de filosofia política en 7 parts

Alain de Botton ha publicat un breu curs de filosofia política a Twitter en 7 parts (de 140 caràcters cada una)!

The University of Twitter: a short course in Political Philosophy in 7 parts:

1: Plato: We should be ruled not by leaders chosen by a majority, but by those who are most intelligent.

2. St Augustine: We should not try to build paradise on earth. Aim for tolerable government, true government only possible in the next life.

3. Machiavelli: Politician must choose between serving the interests of country and the interests of Christian morality. Can’t have both.

4. Hobbes: Rulers not appointed by God, but by people and if they can’t guarantee their security, they can be legitimately kicked out.

5. Smith: The market cannot alone create a moral community. Civil society must nudge capitalists to be good through emulation and honours.

6. Karl Marx: The ‘profit’ of a capitalist is in essence theft, the stolen life and labour of the proletariat.

7. J.S. Mill: Governments should not tell people how to live, they should give them the preconditions to make their own choices.

Font: Open Culture